Hospital managers' skills required and onward challenges: A qualitative study
Farideh Moradi1, Razie Toghroli2, Jaffari Abbas3, Arash Ziapour4, Javad Yoosefi Lebni5, Amin Aghili6, Nadya Baharirad1, Mohammad Mohseni7, Ali Soroush1
1 Life Style Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Antai College of Economics and Management/School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
4 Ph.D. Student, Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5 Ph.D. Student, Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Ph.D. Candidate in Health Care Management, School of Health Management and Information Science, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Health Management and Economic Research Center, Iran University of medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Dr. Ali Soroush
Life Style Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
INTRODUCTION: The qualification of managers in terms of management skills is one of the most important factors in the continuous success of each organization, and utilizing such skills can have a positive contribution in the effectiveness of the organization while improving the performance of the employees in line with the objectives and goals of the organization. The study's primary objective was to examine the necessary skills of the hospital managers and their capabilities to manage the challenges in providing health care facilities to their patients and employees.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a qualitative that deep interviews were performed with 22 managers (senior and middle managers) of educational hospitals of Kermanshah city, and the sample size was 22 individuals. The interviews were analyzed by a MAXQDA software application after transcription.
RESULTS: This study includes 8 themes and 23 subthemes. The strategic skill, the perceptive skill, the human relations skill, work experience, and personal characteristics were among the skills necessary for hospital managers. Some of the challenges facing the hospital managers included rapid changes in the policies, the limitations of financial resources, and lack of proportion between the educational and occupational spheres.
CONCLUSION: Because of their existential philosophy and differences with other service sectors, managing hospitals poses a particular sensitivity. In this regard, the role of the hospital manager is very important. Therefore, in order to meet the satisfaction of those receiving services, decision-makers and policy-makers must think twice when selecting and appointing hospital managers and evaluate and appraise this group in terms of abilities and skills necessary for managing such an important service section.